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US President Donald Trump will go head-to-head against Democrat challenger Joe Biden as the polls open for the US election 2020 tomorrow, November 3. Mr Biden is still leading in the national polls, however, many will remember Hillary Clinton’s clear lead over Mr Trump ahead of the 2016 election, but in the end, she lost the electoral college and consequntly the election.
What is the popular vote?
In a US presidential election, the popular vote is the total number or percentage of votes cast for a candidate by voters in the 50 states and Washington, D.C.
The candidate who gets the most votes nationwide is said to have won the popular vote.
However, the US presidential election is not determined by the popular vote like other elections in the US – such as the Congressional elections.
That means the President and Vice President are not elected directly by citizens.
Instead, they’re chosen by “electors” through a process called the electoral college.
The process of using electors comes from the US Constitution and was a compromise between a popular vote by citizens and a vote in Congress.
These procedures are governed by the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
In 2016, Mrs Clinton won the popular vote, but lost the election.
When Mr Trump won four years ago, it was the fifth time a US president had been elected without winning the popular vote.
The presidential elections of 1876, 1888, 2000 also had an electoral college winner who did not receive the most votes in the election.
US presidential election are indirect election in which voters do not choose between candidates for an office, but elect people who then choose.
In the US, the people who will choose are members of the electoral college.
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These members will then formally elect the next president and vice president.
The appointment of electors is a matter for each state’s legislature to determine.
However, in all elections since 1880, all states have used a popular vote to do so.
The US Constitution does not require states to hold a popular vote.
When American voters cast ballots in a presidential election, they are choosing electors and telling them which candidate they think their state’s electors should support.
The “national popular vote” is the sum of all the votes cast in the general election, nationwide.
In the event that no candidate for one or both of these offices wins an absolute majority of votes in the electoral college, a contingent election will be the next procedure.
A continent election for choosing the next US president is decided by a vote of the US House of Representatives, while a contingent election for the vice president is decided by a vote of the US Senate.
During a contingent election, each House state delegation casts one “en bloc” vote to determine the president
An “en bloc” vote means they will cast a vote all together, rather than a vote from each representative.
Senators cast votes individually for the vice president.
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