WARSAW (Reuters) – Poland’s lower house of parliament gave the green light on Thursday for a presidential election to be held by postal vote following a dispute over whether voting could take place during the coronavirus pandemic.
The election was scheduled for Sunday but the opposition said the ruling nationalist party, Law and Justice (PiS), would be putting political gain ahead of public health if it went ahead. Opinion polls had put President Andrzej Duda, a PiS ally, on course for a landslide victory.
PiS and its junior coalition partner, Accord, reached a deal on Wednesday on postponing the ballot in anticipation that the Supreme Court will declare the election invalid because of the inability to vote physically under coronavirus restrictions.
But although the Sejm, or lower house, approved legislation allowing the election to be decided only by postal ballot, the timing of the vote remains unclear.
Duda said he hoped the election would be held as soon as possible. Deputy Prime Minister Jacek Sasin told private radio RMF FM the earliest possible date would be June.
“Yesterday we worked out a solution which is good for Poland, which guarantees safe, fully democratic and transparent elections,” Accord party leader Jaroslaw Gowin told reporters on Thursday before the parliamentary vote.
While opinion polls show many Poles opposed holding an election during the coronavirus pandemic, government critics said it was unclear what legal basis PiS had to cancel Sunday’s vote.
“Formally, the election has not been postponed,” said Borys Budka, head of the centrist Civic Platform opposition party, while acknowledging an election could not now be held on Sunday.
He said the legislation on a postal vote still did not guarantee a free and fair election.
CONCERN ABOUT CAMPAIGN
Opposition critics and international monitors say only Duda has been able to campaign properly, with rivals constrained by travel and other restrictions imposed to curb the spread of the coronavirus.
Duda has backed reforms of the judiciary which the European Union’s executive, the European Commission, has said violated democratic norms. Having an ally as president is crucial for the government to be able to implement its conservative agenda as the president has the power to veto laws.
PiS had also wanted the election to go ahead now because of concerns that the recession likely to follow the coronavirus pandemic will dent support for the government and Duda.
- Poland's president says he hopes for election as soon as possible
Anna Materska-Sosnowska, a political scientist at Warsaw University, told private broadcaster TVN24 that PiS “had to step back for the first time in five years.”
But there was relief among voters. “I wouldn’t have had a chance to vote,” said Joanna Jasina, a 27-year-old waitress in Warsaw who was worried about the health risks and organisational problems.
Civil rights ombudsman Adam Bodnar welcomed the moves away from holding the election on Sunday. But he told Reuters such moves reflected a deterioration of the rule of law under Pis, saying: “The disease predates what we are experiencing now.”
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