An Extinction Rebellion activist has been ordered to pay more than £1,500 after defacing a statue of Winston Churchill by spray painting "racist" on its plinth.
Benjamin Clark, 18, admitted causing £1,642.03 worth of damage to the monument in Parliament Square, central London, during recent climate protests on September 10.
Clark daubed yellow graffiti on the base of the statue under the war hero former prime minister's name, adding the word "racist".
Prosecutor Matt Barrowcliffe told Westminster Magistrates' Court: "Police were present as part of dealing with that demonstration. They observed this defendant spray painting the word racist in yellow paint on the concrete base."
Laura O'Brien, mitigating, said the teenager admitted spraying the word "racist" in chalk paint, but denied causing all the damage to the statue done on the day.
Ms O'Brien said Clark was attending the environmental protest as a demonstrator, and was given the paint during the event.
She added that the case was about the criminal damage to the listed statue, rather than any social motivations.
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Ms O'Brien said: "This case is not about Winston Churchill and it is not about the motivation of using that word, it is about the damage that was caused.
"This is not a case about offending the history of this country. We are here to deal with a small amount of spray paint on a statue. Maturity is not a cliff edge. It does not come overnight, he is clearly an intelligent man but intelligence is not the same as making good decisions."
Ms O'Brien said the maths and philosophy student had been subjected to abuse and death threats since his charge.
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Ahead of the hearing, a man was warned by security for taking photos of Clark while inside the court building.
Several men could be seen outside the court on Friday morning, with one wearing a Union flag and two wearing red "Make America Great Again" hats associated with US president Donald Trump.
Deputy Chief Magistrate Tan Ikram handed down a £200 fine and ordered Clark to pay £1,200 in compensation.
He said: "You were part of an Extinction Rebellion protest, as a result of which you became in possession of some yellow chalk paint which you then sprayed on the base of the statue.
"You have caused great offence, it appears, to a lot of people, and I am told it has provoked a very strong reaction.
"The reality is that is part of the consequences of your actions and I have heard that your father has had threatening communications in relation to your behaviour, and at court today there are some people who are very upset.
"From where I sit, this is criminal damage."
Clark will also have to pay £85 in court costs and a £34 victim surcharge.
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